In this post, I am going to list 21 interesting facts about Antigua & Barbuda, that you should know if you plan to travel to these amazing Islands. It will help you understand more about the local culture and the highlights of this amazing destination.
Antigua & Barbuda is a Caribbean island of unique beauty, with its white-sand beaches, lush tropical vegetation, and a rich cultural heritage. It is geographically located within the windward islands in the Lesser Antilles . An ex British Colony, Antigua and Barbuda became an independent state within the Commonwealth of Nations on 1 November 1981.
Antigua Travel Advisory
Is it safe to travel to Antigua Right now?
Antigua is open to tourism but there are some rules to follow.
“As of July 2, 2020, the Government of Antigua and Barbuda updated its travel advisory. All passengers arriving by air MUST have a negative COVID-19 RT-PCR (real time polymerase chain reaction) test result, taken within seven (7) days of their flight. This includes transiting passengers. Passengers arriving by sea are subject to quarantine according to guidelines issued by Port Health. All travelers are also subject to assessment by Port Health Authorities for signs and symptoms through a series of checks and the completion of a health declaration form on arrival.
All arriving passengers will be monitored for COVID-19 for periods of up to 14 days in accordance with the directions of the Quarantine Authority and the Quarantine (COVID-19) Guidelines. Visitors may be required to undergo further testing for COVID-19 on arrival or at the hotel or place of lodging as determined by the Health Authorities. The test takes 15 minutes. The results take approximately 96 hours to process, and travelers will be alerted of their results by health officials. Whilst travelers await results they do need to limit their movements, as instructed by the Quarantine Authority.
Read more updated information from the Tourism Authority site.
So if you are ready, without any further ado, here they are .
It’s actually more than 2 islands
Antigua and Barbuda territory actually include three islands, being Redonda the third one, although Redonda is actually a tiny rugged, uninhabited rock, the remnant of a volcanic cone of only 0.5 square miles (1.3 square km) in the area and rising to nearly 1,000 feet (305 m) above sea level, with steep cliffs on all sides.
Redonda was actually a kingdom on its own and you can read its interesting story.
Other small islands are part of the Antigua and Barbuda territory, among which, Guiana Island, Bird Island, and Long Island.
Antigua it’s tiny
The island of Antigua only, is about 22 kilometers (14 miles) long and 18 kilometers (11 miles) wide, encompassing 281 square kilometers (108 square miles).
Its sister island Barbuda covers 161 square kilometers (62 square miles).
What does Antigua mean?
“Antigua” means “Old” in Spanish, named by Christopher Columbus, who first discover the island, in honor of the Seville Cathedral of Santa Maria La Antigua.
How do you pronounce Antigua?
Antigua is pronounced “Anti-ga“, by the locals, so basically you drop the “U”, while in the original Spanish word is pronounced “Anti-gwa”
There is a never-ending debate on that. If you think about it, though, “Antigua” is a Spanish word, not an English word, so it should be pronounced according to the Spanish language rules.
However, the local official language is English, because of the British colonization which was the longest in Antigua.
Hence, the English pronunciation of the word Antigua (“Anti-ga“without the “u”).
Conclusion: you are totally free to pronounce it the way you want but I would go with the locals. 🙂
A tiny country with such a diverse territory
I remember when I joined a tour, way back, the guide was explaining how the island is made of three kinds of territory, Vulcanic rocks, tropical jungle, and limestones. You can see it by yourself while you are touring around. The volcanic rocks while climbing to Boggy peak or at Devil’s bridge, the tropical jungle in the center of the island, on the way from Jolly beach and English Harbour, where the Zipline is. And you can admire limestone rocks at Half-moon beach or on a boat tour to the Pillars of Hercules.
You will definitely want to check out what are the most exciting things to do in Antigua
Antigua Official Language is English
One of the reasons why I have fallen in love with Antigua is the local accent and dialect, the English patois. Although I don’t speak it, but I could manage to understand quite a bit because I was coming from Jamaica whose dialect is very similar.
So even if English is your native language, you might be struggling to understand at first. But once you do, it’s just like a funny melody. It sounds like they are always mad at you even when they are complementing you. But maybe it’s just my impression.
Oh! how I miss it.
Antigua has its own currency
Although USD is commonly accepted anywhere, the local currency is the Eastern Caribbean Dollar (1 USD=2.70 ECD) But you don’t have to exchange it.
The highest peak is named after President Obama
I remember at the time when President Obama was elected for the first time I was living in Antigua. It was a huge thing, so much heartfelt by the Antiguans. So they decided to named their highest peak, formerly Boggy peak, after President Obama.
Mount Obama is the the remnant of a volcanic crater rising 402 meters (1319 feet).
The national sport is cricket
And it’s worshipped like a religion. And even with such a small population, some of the world’s best cricket players are Antiguans, among which Sir. Viv Richards, regarded as one of the greatest batsmen of all time. Sir. Viv Richards is one of Antigua national heroes.
Unfortunately, I never managed to understand this game, although I went to see a match of the popular cricket tournament Twenty20, that took place in Antigua when I was there. I have to say the excitement was contagious and even if I didn’t understand what I was watching, I had a blast!
Antigua Carnival is one of the main events of the year
Carnival is celebrated in Antigua on the dates of its emancipation from slavery which occurred at the end of July to early August. It is a ten-day celebration filled with colorful costumes, live music, and parades. The most important day is “j’ouvert” when steel and brass bands play all over the island.
As I am writing in this post on July 30th, 2020 the Carnival celebrations were supposed to be on, but it was sadly suspended due to the COVID-19. It is certainly a year that we will all remember.
Barbuda is home to the largest Frigate Bird Colony in the western hemisphere.
Located at the Codrington Lagoon, in Barbuda, this amazing birdwatchers paradise, is only accessible by a short boat trip with a knowledgeable tour guide. Tours to Barbuda are organized from Antigua include a visit to the Frigate Bird Colony.
Bermuda has a pink beach for real
It’s not surprising. The tiny island of Barbuda is a coral island and so is its beach. From Spanish point to Palmetto point, you can walk 8 uninterrupted miles of deserted oceanfront where the champagne color of the sand is mixed with crushed corals, which is what gives the rose glows.
You can see and enjoy it either by going to Barbuda on your own or by joining a tour. Definitely not to be missed
All-inclusive is king
Although you can find nice bed and breakfasts and now many Airbnbs in Antigua, the All-inclusive resorts are very popular in Antigua and, with some usual exceptions, all of them are 5 stars properties with amazing views of the turquoise ocean. Although I am not a fan of All-inclusive I can honestly say that the all-inclusive hotels in Antigua take this concept to a whole different level.
However, please keep in mind there are many delicious restaurants to enjoy and many things to do in Antigua that even if you are tempted to stay in your amazing hotel and get pampered, I invite you to go out and explore the island as well.
You can read my detailed post on the best all inclusive resorts in Antigua.
Renting a car is the best way to explore the island
Antigua is tiny and there aren’t many roads, so, if you are not me, the chances to get lost are very little, considering that you now have the gps on your phones.
Don’t laugh, but when I was living in Antigua there was no google map, just regular road maps and I spent the first week driving around trying to familiarize myself with the island roads and getting lost all the time. I remember once I stopped at a gas station to ask for information and the guy bluntly said, in a strong Antiguan accent (which I love, by the way), “Don’t you know how to read a map?” I was so embarrassed but I had a good laugh!
The best beaches are only reachable by car or by taxi, but consider that taxis are way more expensive and not so flexible as having a car and being able to drive around at your own pace.
Driving a car in Antigua is not dangerous but please consider that there are many path-holes and animals can suddenly cross the street. So just be mindful and drive slow.
The national dish is…
fungie (pronounced “foon-jee”) and pepperpot.
The fungie is very similar to Italian Polenta, but different (I am Italian). The pepperpot, which I loved when I wasn’t vegan, is a sort of stewed veggies with meat cooked with spices and in a very specific way. Very tasty! Here is the recipe.
Sailing is big in Antigua
With its winding coast line and many different ports and docking facilities, Antigua has become one of the ideal destinations for sailing. Not only many sailors choose Antigua as their docking hubs for their boats but it has also become a huge touristic activity. You will find many sailing options to explore the beautiful shore by boat. Or if you decide to learn how to sail, you have great options for sailing classes.
Don’t miss Antigua Sailing week
Antigua sailing week is a premier annual event that attracts professional sailors from all over the world to participate in yacht racing, but it’s also an occasion to party and enjoy the island vibes. An amazing atmosphere that marks the end of the high season in Antigua.
A Hollywood stars’ retreat
Antigua charm cast a spell on anyone who visits, including many famous people of the international Jet-set, that chose this island as one of their luxury retreats. The list includes Oprah Winfrey, author Jamaica Kincaid, the fashion designer Giorgio Armani, Richard Branson of Virgin Atlantic, and Eric Clapton who built Crossroads, an exclusive drug and rehabilitation center on the island.
The majority of those Hollywood owned luxury villas are located on Jumby Bay island, within the premises of the homonymous hotel, obviously as spectacular and exclusive as its villas.
A major Caribbean cruise hub
I am not a fan of those gigantic cruises and I will never be, but they bring a lot of business to the island, so well, what can I say?
It’s a fact that St. John Harbor is one of the most important and demanded Caribbean cruise hubs, or it was before the pandemic. So if cruise ships are your thing, make sure you chose one that includes Antigua in the itinerary. Then you will realize that one day to visit Antigua is not enough and you’ll be back for a week or two. 🙂
The island with 365 beaches
Antigua has been nicknamed the land of 365 beaches because of its many spectacular white-sand bays along its coastline. I am not sure if the number is correct, but there are indeed many immaculate beach spots whose beauty will make you speechless.
In Antigua there are no rivers
In Antigua, there are no rivers and no lakes…and no snakes except for the Antiguan racer a harmless and one of the rarest snakes in the world that has been found only in Bird Island off the coast of Antigua.